Gre verbal questions
At the first lesson Gre verbal questions students learned more about wood carving as one of the most important layers of decorative and applied folk art. The teenagers got acquainted with such types of carving as house carving, geometric carving, contour carving of Abramtsevo-Kudrino and Bogorodsk. In the course of the conversation, the students also told about the types of carving they had encountered in their settlements. On a practical example, they were able to master the rules of using tools and safety requirements when working with cutting tools, in addition, the teenagers learned the main types of technological operations in wood carving. By the end of the class, many children showed a clear interest in the presented types of creative work. In turn, the teacher organized excursions into the history of the craft under study, with practical demonstrations of unique works of art made not only by masters, but also by children. In addition to group work with each student, individual work was done. All participants were given an assignment to accumulate material about the craft under study in their municipality, which immediately found many responses. The activity itself is informal in nature, which helps the students adapt as quickly as possible.
During the next face-to-face lessons, all the trainees built simple ornaments and performed them in the material themselves. For this purpose, students first carried out the gre verbal preparation construction of ornaments on paper with the help of drawing tools, for that, taking into account the practical skills acquired, the ornament was built on a training board and after cutting out the ornament from a set of triangles and odd-numbered triangles collected in the group. And here we should note the result of distance classes prepared by teachers of the craft school. In addition to the planned work, the guys offered their solutions when working with the material, based on traditional motifs of their settlements.
At the end of the course of face-to-face and several distance lessons, a survey was conducted, which just showed the effectiveness of the school, its pros and cons, and also helped to coordinate further work on improving the organizational and pedagogical conditions aimed at revival of folk crafts through the education of children in the craft school.
During the repeated survey, it was found that the children’s motivation for the lesson began to be strongly pronounced, based on the desire to acquire professional labor skills in the field of handicrafts, there was a goal of more in-depth mastering of the studied techniques.
In spite of the fact that at the moment of the beginning of training only one tenth of students were engaged in folk crafts by the time of the second survey, the majority of them became interested and satisfied, more than half of them are planning to continue to engage in folk arts and crafts and expect high results – this undoubtedly indicates the effectiveness of the proposed organizational and pedagogical conditions for the revival of traditional crafts in the work of the School of Crafts.
During the survey it was found that most parents want their children to engage in handicrafts, but to date it is possible not everywhere and not in full. The proposed program of the handicrafts school can successfully meet these challenges. Its students have a growing motivation to master handicrafts, a steady interest in folk arts and crafts, and a growing creative potential. But at the same time, there are still a number of problems: such education is more accessible to residents of urban areas, where the issue of logistics of teenagers is easier to solve, there is still a question of training and equipment.
The research materials were tested on the basis of the Tambov Regional State Budgetary Educational Institution of Additional Education “Center for Development of Creativity of Children and Youth”. To confirm the effectiveness of the revival of folk crafts in working with adolescents in the school of crafts, taking into account the identified organizational and pedagogical conditions, an experiment was conducted to introduce the curriculum “Woodcarving”. As a result of the semi-annual cycle of full-time and part-time lessons, a final survey was conducted, which showed that the children’s motivation for the lesson began to have a pronounced character, based on the desire to acquire professional labor skills in the field of folk crafts, there was a goal of more in-depth mastering of the studied techniques. The majority of teenagers became interested and satisfied, more than half of them are planning to continue to engage in folk arts and crafts and expect high results from this.
Thus, the results obtained in the course of practical work testify to the effectiveness of the proposed program of the Crafts School, its methodological support in solving the problem of revival of folk crafts in work with teenagers and formulated organizational and pedagogical conditions. The interest of students in crafts has increased and the teenagers willingly participate in exhibitions, festivals and master classes.