How to choose a kindergarten? And list of kindergarten sight words.

The preschool education system has undergone major changes in recent years. If earlier absolutely all institutions were considered kindergartens and worked with children on one common “Program of education and training in kindergarten”, now the stories of two neighbors on the playground about the kindergarten can be different, like the sky and the earth. And in order for your child to be among those who go to kindergarten as a holiday, you must take care to choose the best and most suitable for him.

Classification of kindergartens by direction

Kindergarten is the most common type of state preschool educational institution. It provides supervision, care and recovery, education and upbringing of children. Kindergartens have different educational programmes.

Kindergarten general development with a priority implementation of any direction or directions of development of pupils – physical, intellectual, artistic and aesthetic.

Kindergarten supervision and health improvement functions with an emphasis on sanitary, preventive and recreational activities and procedures.

How to choose a kindergarten? And list of kindergarten sight words.

The Children’s Development Centre is equipped with play and physical culture and health-improvement facilities, an art studio, a computer room, a children’s theatre and a swimming pool. A comprehensive approach is applied to the organization of work with children – physical and mental development, correction, and emphasis is placed on intellectual and artistic-aesthetic development.

The kindergarten of a combined kind includes several different groups: general development, compensating, health-improving, and also in different combinations. Check out list of kindergarten sight words.

Kindergarten of a compensatory kind with priority implementation of qualified correction. These kindergartens take children with various pathologies, e.g. mental retardation, tuberculosis intoxication, musculoskeletal disorders, hearing impairment, speech impairment, visual impairment, intellectual impairment, and often sick children. Highly qualified physicians work in such kindergartens, and special conditions are created for children – sometimes diet food, swimming pools, saunas, massage rooms, a small number of children in groups. In compensatory kindergartens, they are not only treated, but also brought up and trained according to a special program. In these kindergartens there are counselling centres where parents can get advice, recommendations on how to proceed in one or another case. In order to enter a compensatory care centre, a pediatrician’s referral and a certificate from a specialist in the field of kindergarten are required.

Types of kindergartens

In addition to classification by orientation, kindergartens are divided into four large groups:

  • municipal
  • departmental
  • private (commercial)
  • household

Depending on the type of kindergarten, the educational program will vary, as well as the number of children in the group, the quality of food and toys, and even in many respects the psychological atmosphere.


This state prescription will suit you if you do not have a large budget and have time to sign up for kindergarten. Given the problem of shortage of places in kindergartens in our country, registration in the state kindergarten is made in advance, or better immediately after birth.
Here your child will be offered training in the general education program, which includes physical education, drawing, walks, music, modeling. Such kindergarten is designed for 12-14 hours of a child’s daily stay.
Naturally, the state kindergarten will not offer such a variety of food as, for example, in private kindergartens. But, nevertheless, the food will meet the basic norms and requirements applicable to child nutrition.
Some of these types of kindergartens provide extra services for a fee, which you can refuse, even if all other parents in the group want to use them.

The pros of a departmental kindergarten

  • Comparatively small (as compared to municipal) number of children in the group
  • Better living conditions for children (as compared to municipal gardens)
  • Varied menu

Minuses of a departmental garden

  • Pretty high cost
  • Difficulties with enrollment
    A significant disadvantage of departmental kindergartens is that they take mainly children of employees of the organization. In any other case, children are taken either with great reluctance or are denied admission.

If you choose a departmental kindergarten

How to choose a kindergarten? And list of kindergarten sight words.

There are two important things to consider when choosing:

  • Check that the kindergarten has the state certification and license.
  • Please note how well the social base of the enterprise, whose department the kindergarten is located, is ensured.


Private kindergartens are probably the best option if you have sufficient funds to give your child to such an institution. They are usually open until 20:00, 21:00, or around the clock. In private kindergartens there is a very intensive and rich development program. They are usually well provided with games, toys and visual aids. Children can be taken for a walk to the nearest forest park area. Non-governmental POs are supervised through licensing, accreditation, programme certification and certification of teachers.

The advantages of a private kindergarten

  • Small number of children in the group – about 10-12 people.
    The child gets enough attention
  • Children adapt more easily to kindergarten.
    Varied and delicious food, the opportunity to please each child, individual approach to children, which gives the opportunity to maximize their abilities. Each group has several tutors; speech therapists, psychologists, pediatricians and subject teachers monitor the children’s development.
  • Parents have the right to influence the learning process.
    For example, through boards of trustees. In particular, they can inspect the kitchen, demand a financial report, even attend classes.
  • Many private kindergartens operate under the “kindergarten – school” system.

The disadvantage of a private kindergarten is the high cost of education.


Home kindergarten (family kindergarten) – in fact, a type of private kindergarten. Usually organized in the apartment owners, where all the necessary conditions for the full enjoyment of children, or the founders rent a room, which is equipped in accordance with the norms and requirements for kindergarten.
A group of 3-5 people is recruited into family kindergartens. An individual approach is taken to each child and unclear points are explained. Teachers are hired for each child, who make competent preparations for school.
Make the final decision only after you have a personal meeting with the head of the kindergarten and get to know the people who work there. After all, it depends on the personal qualities of the kindergarten staff how useful this institution will be for your child. Same kindergarten ready checklist.

The advantages of a home kindergarten

  • Maximum care and attention, no injuries, conditions close to home, large family life.
  • A small number of children – 3-5 people,
  • Individual approach to nutrition

Minuses of home kindergarten

  • Very high cost
  • Possible problems due to lack of equipment or space

List of questions to ask the administration when choosing any type of kindergarten

List of kindergarten sight words

  • Learn the operating mode of the ROV.
  • Ask to see your license and charter.
  • Ask about the programs and methods that educators work with.
  • Pay attention to the number of children in the group and the number of carers.
  • Ask to tell you about the staff.
  • Ask about food.
  • Find out what groups are in the garden.
  • Ask what extra classes are available in the day care centre and how much they cost.
  • Pay attention to the founders and sponsors of the day care centre.